Chapter Seven: From Peachtree to the Dunes

 

137    “captured the nation’s imagination”  Kirsch, GiA, p. 85.

137    “the rise of television”  ibid, p. 128.

138    “as near like the Augusta National as possible”  Robert Tyre Jones, Jones, Williams, Dorsey & Hill, Suite 1425, Citizens & Southern National Bank Building, Atlanta, GA, to Mrs. Green W. Warren, Atlanta, GA, 27 Feb. 1948, Peachtree Files, JP, CUA. Mrs. Green, known to Bobby Jones as “Irene,” was writing an article about the Peachtree Golf Club for an Atlanta newspaper, and Jones in his letter provided her with a summary of “the course of events leading up to the organization of the Peachtree Golf Club.”

138    “Bobby already knew a little about my work”  RTJ to AK, USGA OHC, 14-15 Feb. 1991, pp. 62-63.

138    “so perfectly agreed with our own”  Robert Tyre Jones to Mrs. Green W. “Irene” Warren, Atlanta, GA, 27 Feb. 1948, Peachtree Files, JP, CUA.

139    “a copy of his brochure”  T. R. Garlington to RTJ, 20 Vesey St., NYC, 28 Apr. 1945, Peachtree Files, JP, CUA.

139    “detailed cost of the complete job”  RTJ to Mr. T. R. Garlington, East Lake Country Club, Atlanta, GA, 25 Apr. 1945, “Peachtree Files,” JP, CUA.

140    “some idea of possible routings”  RTJ to Mr. T. R. Garlington, Red Rock Building, 5 May 1945, Peachtree Files, JP, CUA. Garlington was an executive with the Red Rock Company, a venerable manufacturer of Red Rock Ginger Ale since 1885, which went on to also bottle Red Rock Cola, one of the early cola drinks. The Red Rock company was one of the nation’s early leaders in the distribution of carbonated beverages.

140    “Let’s go out to East Lake”  RTJ to AK, p. 63; RTJ, GMC, p. 87.

140    “I’ve been Trent Jones ever since”  RTJ, GMC, p. 87.

141    “before we ruled it out”  RTJ to AK, p. 63.

141    “inspected several pieces”  Robert Tyre Jones to Mrs. Green W. “Irene” Warren, Atlanta, GA, 27 Feb. 1948, Peachtree Files, JP, CUA.

141    “looked quite promising”  RTJ to AK, p. 64.

141    “twelve miles northeast of downtown”  Robert T. Jones, Jr., Jones, Williams & Dorsey, Counselors at Law, Suite 1425 Citizens & Southern National Bank Building, Atlanta, GA, to Mr. Robert Trent Jones, 20 Vesey St., New York, NY,6 June 1945, in Peachtree Files, JP, CUA.

141    “knew they had a great piece of ground”  RTJ to Robert Tyre Jones, Jr., Jones, Williams & Dorsey, Suite 1425, Citizens & Southern National Bank Building, Atlanta, GA, 23 June 1946, Peachtree Files, JP, CUA.

142    “such as the eighteenth green at Augusta”  RTJ to Robert Tyre Jones, Jr., Jones, Williams & Dorsey, Suite 1425, Citizens & Southern National Bank Building, Atlanta, GA, 28 June 1946, Peachtree Files, JP, CUA.

142    “I’ve had enough”  RTJ to AK, p. 66.

142    “a partner with muscle”  RTJ, GMC, p. 88.

142    “proved to be roughly half a million dollars”  RTJ to Robert Tyre Jones, Jr., Jones, Williams & Dorsey, Suite 1425, Citizens & Southern National Bank Building, Atlanta, GA, 25 Aug. 1946, Peachtree Files, JP, CUA. In this letter Trent Jones explains what he had done “to route the course so that you would be able to have more land available for real estate development.”

143    “his best effort to date”  “Par-Buster’s Nightmare,” Life, 5 Mar. 1951, 52-56.

143    “built into Augusta National a decade and a half earlier” As with Augusta, every feature of the Peachtree course, every one of its obstacles, was planned with loving care, with Bobby Jones hitting innumerable balls (and Trent hitting a few as well) down the newly bulldozed fairways to test the position of the hazards. (Trent was very proud of the fact that Bobby Jones would later be quoted as saying, “When Trent Jones designs a hole, he is able to test every yard of it himself for true shot value.” RTJ, GMC, p. 60

144    “waiting to be grassed over”  ibid., pp. 35-37.

144    “one of the most overlooked elements”  ibid., p. 185.

144    “has a chance to reach the green”  ibid., p. 42 and p. 185.

144    “wouldn’t have a prayer”  ibid., pp. 185-186.

146    “tiger tee”  ibid., p. 186.

147    “well, interesting”  ibid., p. 88.

147    “largest green in the U.S.”  As Trent later recalled about the large size of the tenth green at Peachtree: “This was in keeping with the emphasis both Bobby and I placed on the value of a number of excellent hole locations, with bold contouring and with a great range of difficulty in what type of putting would have to be done on each green.” Ibid., p. 165 and p. 262.

148    “at all levels of skill and strength”  ibid., p. 260.

148    “natural way into the site for the green”  ibid., p. 257.

148    “when the player fails to meet their demands”  ibid.

149    “treacherous traps blocked” Trent Jones and Bobby Jones chose to give Peachtree relatively few fairway traps, which was similar to Augusta National. As Bobby explained, “Fairway bunkers as hazards for the tee shot are very few and where they exist they are placed more than 200 yards from the middle of the tees so they are expected to be out of reach of the average player, since they are intended as hazards only for the expert. The fairways are made wider at from 150 to 200 yards and contracted, in most cases, toward the 250 yard mark, for the same reason.” Robert Tyre Jones to Mrs. Green W. “Irene” Warren, Atlanta, GA, 27 Feb. 1948, Peachtree Files, JP, CUA.

149    “whose problems are the opposite”  ibid., p. 211.

149    “a ball always rolls to the middle”  Alister MacKenzie, Golf Architecture, Classics of Golf edition, 1997, pp. 49-50.

149    “water is the ultimate penalty”  RTJ, GMC, p. 209.

150    “without the reward, they would be meaningless”  ibid., p. 46 and p. 48.

151    “Trent is a very good amateur golfer”  RTJ to AK, USGA OHC, p. 66.

151    “the best in your time”  RTJ to AK, pp. 65-66; RTJ, GMC, p. 87..

151    “no designer of any era that he admired more than MacKenzie”  Trent Jones would later say,  “I have learned much from MacKenzie” (RTJ, GMC, pp. 59-60).   Still, he believed that Augusta National would have had more imperfections and deficiencies if Bobby Jones had not been there at every stage to collaborate: “I have always believed that a good architect must be able to play the game well…. MacKenzie was unique among the great architects, especially the earlier ones, in that he was not a good player . . . but he was able to overcome this deficiency with keen observation and a sense of playing values that went far beyond his limited physical ability” (ibid., p. 60).

152    “killing Hogan’s chances”  ibid., pp. 263-264.

154    “some of its most thrilling moments”  ibid., p. 181.

154    “Roberts wrote his 1976 book”   Clifford Roberts, The Story of Augusta National Golf Club (NY: Doubleday, 1976).

155    “remodel the 11th”  On the reshaping of the eleventh green, see Clifford Roberts to Robert Tyre Jones, Jr., C&S Bank Bldg., Atlanta, GA, 24 Apr. 1950, copy in Augusta Files, JP, CUA.

155    “plasticine models”  Alister MacKenzie, Golf Architecture, Classics of Golf reprint, p. 30.

155    “better looking as well as better playing hole”  RTJ to Robert Tyre Jones, Jr., 1425 Tuxedo Road, N.W., Atlanta, GA, 23 Apr. 1950, Augusta Files, JP, CUA. Bobby Jones supported Trent Jones’s proposal to add a fairway bunker to the first hole: “I have your sketches of the bunker on #1. These look all right and I wish you would plan to stake this out on your next visit.” Robert T. Jones, Jr., Jones, Williams & Dorsey, Suite 425, C&S Bank Bldg., Atlanta, GA, 30 Apr. 1950.

          It was in this same time-frame that Bobby Jones had the first surgery on his spine. On June 16, 1950, he wrote a short note to his friend Trent saying: “I am just over the immediate effects of this operation, but I am, of course, disappointed that more was not found that could be done. As things stand, no one will give me any encouragement at all that I will have any important improvement. However, you cannot tell about those things.” Robert T. Jones Jr [signed “Best regards, Bob”] to RTJ, 16 June 1950, Augusta Files, JP, CUA.

155    “more essential to improving the course”  In a letter dated 19 Mar. 1962, Trent Jones replied to an inquiry from a sportswriter with the Nashville (TN) Banner, Dudley Green, with his following analysis of the relative difficulty of Augusta National for the 1963 Masters tournament: “You asked me for [my opinion] of the Masters. The only one I can give is that weather will play a great part in the score, as it always does—wind and hard green surfaces do more to raise the score than any other single factor. When Augusta is soft and lush and the greens are on the slow side, low scoring can be accomplished without too much treachery or fear. When the greens are hard or the wind is blowing, then the scores at Augusta are liable to mount. The real bug-a-boo to most of the pros is the green surfaces with the severe contours at Augusta, particularly when the strain gets on in the last 18 holes and nerves are jittery.” RTJ to Dudley Green, Nashville Banner, 1100 Broadway, Nashville 1, TN, Augusta National Files, JP, CUA.

156    “Tull, who initiated the idea”  A.H. Tull, Emmet, Emmet & Tull, Golf Course Architects, Rm. 2310, 420 Lexington Ave., NYC, 9 July 1937, ASGCA Files, JP, CUA.

156    “founding members of the ASGCA”  How exactly the idea for a society of golf course architects was revived after World War II is also not altogether clear. In his history of the ASGCA written in 2005, the Society’s long-time executive secretary, Paul Fullmer, recounted this origin story:

 

                    There is no doubt that established golf course architects sensed real opportunity after World War II and wanted to be in                           position to reap the benefits after pretty much starving during the war years when everyone’s emphasis was on working                         as much as necessary to turn the tide of battle. Phone calls were made across country to determine the level of interest in                     forming an organization of golf course architects. Larry Packard remembers his boss at the time, Robert Bruce Harris,                           coming back from a lunch with Herb and Joe Graffis of Golfdom, at which they had urged him to start an association for                           golf course architects that would be similar to the American Society of Landscape Architects. Harris immediately picked                         up the phone and asked Robert Trent Jones to help him form the group. Harris and Jones followed through and the first                           official meeting was held February 13, 1947, at the Hotel New Yorker . . . . (Paul Fullmer, Presidents I Have Known:                                     Recollections and Stories about Presidents of the American Society of Golf Course Architects during its First 60 Years                               (ASGCA, 2005), p. 1.See also Robert Bruce Harris, Landscape Architect, Chicago, IL,  to RTJ, Golf Architect, 20 Vesey St.,                         New York City, 6 Nov. 1946 and 16 Jan. 1947, AGSCA, JP, CUA.

 

Nowhere in Fullmer’s account is there any mention of Alfred H. Tull’s initiative of July 1937, to which, by the way, Jones had replied affirmatively in writing and with enthusiasm. Why nothing came of Tull’s initiative is unclear. The best guess is that all of the architects who received his letter were engaged busily enough with their own individual golf course businesses, as Jones was, that they did not take the time to mobilize. Then World War II started, interrupting the whole idea.  

          The membership of the society was from the beginning a rather select group, with stringent qualifications for membership. At the initial meeting in Hotel New Yorker on February 13, 1947, twelve men attended and they voted to accept all twelve of themselves plus two others as charter members. (RTJ, Minutes of the American Society of Golf Course Architects, 14 Feb. 1947, ASGCA Files, JP, CUA.)  They were William P. Bell, Pasadena, California; Jack Daray, Robert Bruce Harris and William B. Langford, Chicago, Illinois; William H. Diddel, Carmel, Indiana; William F. Gordon, Doylestown, Pennsylvania; Robert F. “Red” Lawrence, Boca Raton, Florida; Perry Maxwell, Tulsa, Oklahoma; J. B. McGovern, Wynnewood, Penssylvania; Donald J. Ross, Pinehurst, North Carolina; Wayne B. Stiles, Boston, Massachusetts; Robert White, Myrtle Beach, California; Stanley Thompson, Toronto, Canada; and Robert Trent Jones, Montclair, New Jersey. In a document found in the Jones papers dated January 25, 1947, some three weeks before the first meeting, the names of four additional golf architects were crossed out, apparently rejected (either by Jones or Harris, or both) for charter membership. These men were Scottish-born Fred Findlay, Richmond, Virginia, who had designed a couple dozen courses mostly in Virginia and the Carolinas starting in the 1920s; English-born Willard G. Wilkinson, Syracuse, New York, who had worked for many years as an assistant to golf architect A. W. Tillinghast; M. J. Sulke, Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey; and, ironically, Alfred H. Tull, New York City, the man who had come up with the idea for the golf architects society in the first place. (Untitled document dated 25 Jan. 1947 in ASGCA files, JP, CUA.) Of the four, two eventually attained ASGCA membership: Wilkinson in 1949, and Tull, who, as mentioned earlier, was not admitted until 1963. 

157    “average age of the fourteen founders”  As for nationality, five of the founders were born abroad, four in Scotland (McGovern, Ross, Thompson, and White) and one in England (Jones). Interestingly, there was a strong Midwestern base, with three of the architects coming from Chicago (Daray, Harris, and Langford) and one (Diddel) from Indiana.  Three of the founders (Daray, Ross, and White) had been golf professionals, while two (Diddel and Maxwell) were businessmen who had gotten interested in golf architecture because of work being done at their golf clubs. Only five had any academic training in landscape architecture, agronomy, or other technical subjects related to golf course design (Harris, Langford, Stiles, and Thompson) and that includes Jones’s two years of non-degree work at Cornell. Four of them (Bell, Gordon, Lawrence, and McGovern) had moved from course construction to architecture. Fullmer, Presidents I Have Known, p. 2.

157    “at the first meeting”  Following the inaugural meeting in New York City in February 1947, the Society decided to meet again during that same year, convening at the Holly Inn in Pinehurst. North Carolina, from December 3-5. From that event on, the ASGCA held annual meetings between mid-November and mid-December “to provide a nice pre-holiday vacation in the sun, at a place selected by the president.”[i] In the years 1949 to 1959, the meetings took place at resorts in such places as Belleair, Ponte Vedra Beach, St. Augustine, Boca Raton, and Naples in Florida; Montego Bay, Jamaica; The Bahamas; Ojai, California; and Point Clear, Alabama. In that time span, only 15 new members were added, bringing the total to 29. As late as 1990, there would be just 81 regular members and 13 associate members, keeping it a very elite group. Fullmer, Presidents I Have Known, p. 2.

157    “accepted Stanley Thompson into the organization”  Fullmer, Presidents I Have Known, p. 2.

158    “nice increase in the architect’s typical fees”  RTJ, Fee Schedule for American Society of Golf Course Architects, attached to the minutes to the ASGCA annual meeting, dated 14 Feb. 1949, ASGCA Files, JP, CUA.

158    “Main Man within the Society” Fullmer, Presidents I Have Known, p. 16.

158    “the ladies group”  ibid.

158    “sophisticated, well-educated lady” ibid.

159    “evident throughout the world of golf”  RTJ, GMC, pp. 107-108.

159    “Tuxedo Club”  On the history of the Tuxedo Club and its golf courses, see the presentation in honor of the club’s 125th  anniversary at the website  http://www.thetuxedoclub.org/files/125.pdf, accessed on 20 Nov. 2012.

159    “National Golf Links of America”  Trent Jones called The National “the best links ever built in this country at the time.” RTJ, GMC, p. 62.

159    “Winged Foot”  On the history of Winged Foot, see Douglas LaRue Smith’s two volume work Winged Foot story: The golf, the people, the friendly trees (Winged Foot Golf Club Inc., 1984, 1994). Unfortunately, there is almost nothing about the architectural history of Winged Foot’s golf courses in these two books.

160    “the most unpromising territory”  C.B. MacDonald, “The Lido Golf Course,” Golf Illustrated (1915): 31-34, accessed at http://www.la84foundation.org/SportsLibrary/GolfIllustrated/1915/gi34k.pdf, on 20 Nov. 2012.

160    “sold to real estate developers”  For a fine telling of the story of MacDonald’s Lido golf course and what happened to it, see Daniel Wexler, The Missing Links: America’s Greatest Lost Golf Courses & Holes (New York: Wiley, 2000).

161    “evolution of Myrtle Beach”  In Barbara F. Stokes, Myrtle Beach: A History (University of South Carolina Press, 2010), there are numerous references to the growth of golf along the Grand Strand.

161    “The Dunes showed the early way forward”  The first and only course in Myrtle Beach prior to the Dunes was the Ocean Forest Golf and Country Club, the brainchild of textile magnate John T. Woodside of Woodside Brothers Company of Greenville, South Carolina, who back in 1926 had purchased 65,000 acres, including twelve miles of ocean frontage, from the Myrtle Beach Farms Company. What Woodside had in mind was a lavish plan to create a dream community, one that included not only a golf course and hotel but a complete beach resort community replete with paved roads, modern electrical utilities, a yacht basin, polo grounds, and bridle paths. Woodside called his dream community “Arcady,” and described it in Woodside Brothers advertising as “A national playground where the leaders of contemporary life may sustain their capacity for work by bringing to its utmost the art of rest and recreation” (See City of Myrtle Beach, “Neighborhoods,” http://www.cityofmyrtlebeach.com/PDF%20Forms/2006%20Neighborhood%20A%20and%20B.pdf, and Hotel Online, “Ocean Forest Hotel Was Demolished 30 Years Ago, It Set the Stage for Myrtle Beach Evolution as Destination,”  http://www.hotelonline.com/News/PR2004_3rd/Sept04_MyrtleHighRise.html, both websites accessed on 27 Nov, 2012).  By 1927, Ocean Forest featured a fine clubhouse designed by an influential New York architect, Raymond Hood. That same year, its 27-hole golf course opened for play, designed by Robert White (1874-1959), a Scottish immigrant from St. Andrews who back in 1916 had become the first president of the PGA of America and who would go on in 1947, at age 73, to join with Ross and Trent Jones and others in the founding of the ASGCA. The Great Depression quickly killed Woodside’s plans for Arcady. Eventually, a group of independent investors purchased the hotel and country club from the banks that took it away from Woodside, with the rest of Woodside’s land sold to a group of Charleston businessmen in order to pay back taxes. Somehow the golf course and hotel survived it all, with a new owner Frederick Albert Warner Miles, whose family owned and operated many fine hotels throughout the South.  In 1946 Miles sold eighteen of the holes to a real estate developer and brought back Robert White to redesign the remaining nine holes and add a new nine. This resurrected 18-hole course, renamed Pine Lakes International Country Club, was the only golf course in Myrtle Beach at the time that the idea for the Dunes Resort was conceived.

          The idea for the Dunes Golf and Beach Club was hardly as grandiose as Woodside’s 1926 master plan for Arcady, but it was still mighty big and a long-shot for great success: “A beautiful championship all-year-round golf course by the sea, and recreational center combined with a modern beach club” (Promotional brochure, “Presenting the Dunes,” n.d. [ca. early 1948], copy in the Dunes Golf and Beach Club Files, JP, CUA).  The “movers and shakers” behind the development comprised a small group of local businessmen with sufficient wealth and influence to make the project happen: George W. “Buster” Bryan and James Bryan Jr., sons of James E. Bryan Sr., who had made a fortune as an executive officer with Myrtle Beach Farms, the company that in 1926 had sold the 65,000 acres to the Woodside Brothers and whose principal businesses into the late 1940s were in lumber, farming, and real estate; newspaper publisher William A. Kimbel, owner of Coastal Carolinian Press, Inc., publisher of the Myrtle Beach News, and one of the wealthiest man in Horry County, who in 1930 had purchased two antebellum plantations off Murrells Inlet, turning them into a large hunting estate; businessman Barrett Andrews; and Joe Ivey, a prominent Carolina hotelier. The principal person that Jones dealt with about the course’s construction was Buster Bryan, who became the club’s president; for everything related to publicity and community support for the development he communicated with Kimbel. See RTJ to Mr. J. E. Bryan, Jr., Myrtle Beach Farms Co., Myrtle Beach, SC, 15 Dec. 1947; G. W. Bryan, President, The Dunes Golf and Beach Club, Myrtle Beach, SC, 9 July 1948; RTJ to Bryan, President, Dunes Golf and Beach Club, Myrtle Beach, SC, 30 Aug. and 12 Oct. 1948; William A. Kimbel, Coastal Carolinian Press, Inc., Myrtle Beach, SC, to RTJ, Vesey St., Manhattan, NY, 10 Dec. 1947, and RTJ to Kimbel, 15 and 19 Dec. 1947. All of this correspondence is in Dunes Golf and Beach Club Files, JP, CUA.

161    “D’Angelo agreed to sell”  Handwritten letter, Jimmy D’Angelo to RTJ, 19 July 1948, Dunes Golf and Beach Club Files, JP, CUA. For biographical information about D’Angelo, see Joe Juliano, obituary in the Philadelphia Inquirer, “Jimmy D’Angelo, 90, Golf Professional,” accessed at philly.com, http://articles.philly.com/2000-05-20/news/25617082_1_golf-courses-dunes-golf-second-golf, on 28 Nov. 2012. There is also a book about the life of Jimmy D’Angelo: W. Horace Carter, Jimmy D’Angelo and Myrtle Beach Golf (Myrtle Beach, SC: Atlantic Publishing Co., 1991). In 2012 the South Carolina Golf Ratings Panel named D’Angelo to its list of “The Ten People Who Have Most Influenced Golf in South Carolina,” http://www.scgolfpanel.org/Rankings/SCGolf10MostInfluential.htm, accessed on 28 Nov. 2012.

162    “in and out, always moving”  RTJ quoted in HWW, “Linksland and Meadowland,” The New Yorker, 4 Aug. 1951, 43.

162    “genuine love for this piece of ground”  Jones did everything he could to help the developers promote their project. A splendid advertising brochure was produced by William A. Kimbel, owner of Coastal Carolinian Press, publisher of the Myrtle Beach News, and one of The Dunes’s principal developers, for which Jones (no doubt with Ione’s assistance) provided some compelling prose that described the Dunes as “Inspired Terrain” and “Awe Inspiring Beauty”:

 

                    Lying at the very edge of the ocean with the roll of the dunes extending down to the beach, the 165 acres that has been                             made available are ideal for a really outstanding natural golf course. This tract covered in part with a virgin pine forest for                     background is beaming with sites for natural greens and shaded tees. The folds in the terrain adapt themselves                                           beautifully to the development of trapping with that unusually billowy fairways of green grass so appealing to the eye.

 

To these natural advantages, it was Trent’s judgment, “the ever changing views of the sea” made the Dunes “one of the most distinctive properties that I have had the opportunity of selecting for the creation of a great modern golf course.”  RTJ quoted in “Presenting the Dunes,” n.d. [ca. early 1948], copy in the Dunes Golf and Beach Club Files, JP, CUA. See also RTJ to William A. Kimbel, The Myrtle Beach News, Coastal Carolinian Press, Inc., Myrtle Beach, SC, 15 Dec. 1947.

162    “It was a ruse”  To his Myrtle Beach clients, Jones spoke rather clearly about the advantages of hiring his man, Baldwin, to build the golf course, as can be seen in a letter to the club’s officers dated January 31, 1949:

 

       Gentlemen,

                    I have read the proposed contract between the Dunes Golf and Beach Club and William D. Baldwin regarding the shaping          and molding of tees, greens and fairway bunkers, and the grading or shaping of flat fairways on the golf course which I am                    designing for you and which is now under construction.

                    I can assure you, as your architect, that if the terms of this contract are carried out in full the club will need only to topsoil,        grass and install an adequate water system to have the outstanding golf course that I have in mind and which I have described            orally to the Board of Directors. It will then only be necessary for the Club to provide the proper maintenance to assure you of              having something of which you will all be justly proud.

                    Since the contract between you and Baldwin is entered into on my recommendation, and since it is through your                              confidence in me that you are retaining Baldwin, I am perfectly willing for you to withhold 40% of my architectural fees until                Baldwin’s work is completed and accepted by you and me. Therefore I hereby authorize you to vary the terms of our contract                temporarily, concerning the architect’s fees.

                    Baldwin has been familiar with this work for a good many years, and has done many courses under me, and in all cases              the work has been of the highest type, and most satisfactory. It is my opinion that he will give you a good, competent job. It is                also my purpose to require him to comply with the terms of the contract.

                    Very truly yours,

                    Robert Trent Jones

                    (RTJ to Dunes Golf and Beach Club, Myrtle Beach, SC, 31 Jan. 1949, Dunes Golf and Beach Club Flles, JP, CUA.)

 

As transparent as this document seems to us today in terms of Baldwin being Jones’s proxy—and might, in fact, have been also to the Myrtle Beach clients—it is clear that Trent felt that it was important for his actual control of the construction contracts for his golf courses to remain vague at best, if not altogether unknown and unrecognized. Over the coming years, there would be countless times when Jones made exactly the same, or a similar, offer to a golf course owner to withhold part of his architectural fee until the construction was effectively finished, knowing all the time that he, in the meantime, would be getting the money being paid for the construction, from which he would pay Bill Baldwin a respectable salary, but hardly the same amount of money that Jones himself was making off the deal.      

163    “Why not make a pitch to all the journalists”  Golfdom’s Herb Graffis saw the course for the first time in December 1949. Like Jimmy D’Angelo, Graffis considered it “a masterpiece.”  For Herb Graffis’s praise of the Dunes course, see RTJ to Jimmy D’Angelo, 15 Dec. 1949., Dunes Golf and Beach Club Files, JP, CUA.

163    “That’s just what we wanted”  Quoted in Joe Juliano, “Jimmy D’Angelo, 90, Golf Professional,” accessed at philly.com, http://articles.philly.com/2000-05-20/news/25617082_1_golf-courses-dunes-golf-second-golf, on 28 Nov. 2012.

163    “be reminded of it year after year”  South Carolina Golf Ratings Panel, “The Ten People Who Have Most Influenced Golf in South Carolina,” http://www.scgolfpanel.org/Rankings/SCGolf10MostInfluential.htm, accessed on 28 Nov. 2012.

164    “unable to get home with his third shot”  RTJ, GMC, p. 237. Some of the founders of the Dunes Golf and Beach Club thought Jones had made the course too long. In a letter dated 23 Nov. 1948, Jimmy D’Angelo informed Trent: “Spent last weekend playing golf at Pinehurst with Barrett Andrews and Bill Kimbel. Played #2 and #3. James and Bill didn’t think too much of #2, thought it was too long and are now worried about the length of the Dunes. Looks like you are going to be asked to shorten it about 500 yards.” Jones took care of the concern through the design of multiple tees. Jimmy D’Angelo, The Dunes Golf and Beach Club, Myrtle Beach, SC, to RTJ, 20 Vesey St., New York, NY, Dunes Beach and Golf Club Files, JP, CUA.